“The people of Louisiana have spoken,” Louisiana Wins’ Ryan Berni said. “Louisiana was missing out on tax revenue from not having legal sports wagering, and now we will be able to raise revenue to support our state’s many needs. In Maryland, 66.2% of votes were cast in favour of legal wagering, with high ranking officials including Governor Larry Hogan having declared their support for betting in the state. As Louisiana only permits amendments to tax rates or new taxes to be debated in non-fiscal (even numbered) years, it was unable to set duties and fees for the industry, which must now be debated in the 2021 legislative session. Joining Brendan for the session will be MGM Resorts’ Ayesha Khanna Molino; FanDuel’s Stacie Stern; John Pappas of Corridor Consulting and Brianne Doura-Schawohlf from EPIC Risk Management. Register now to book your place. Voters in Maryland, Louisiana and South Dakota back sports betting This memorably saw retiring Senator Danny Martiny filibuster a fantasy sports tax bill in the 2019 legislative session, after its sponsors would not incorporate real-money wagering into their document. The measure was strongly supported by Louisiana Wins, a coalition of sports betting supporters that led the charge for a yes vote. Regions: US Louisiana Maryland South Dakota This expands the range of legal gambling products in the state to add wagering to blackjack, craps, poker, roulette and slot machines, all of which are also only available in Deadwood, in the West of the state. Sports betting is coming to Louisiana, Maryland and South Dakota, after voters backed measures on yesterday’s (November 3) election ballot to regulate the vertical. Zucker’s Senate Bill 4 proposed $2.5m license fee, plus an annual $250,000 renewal charge, and 20% gross revenue tax. Online operators would also be permitted to operate wagering on behalf of a master licensee, for a fee of at least $5,000. Photo by cottonbro from Pexels Sports betting regulation In Louisiana, legal wagering garnered support from voters in 55 of the state’s 64 parishes, according to preliminary results. This was facilitated by Senate Bill 130, authored by Senator Cameron Henry. “Our Louisiana Wins coalition brought together industry, business groups, and community leaders to educate voters and approve this ballot measure that will help fund priorities here in Louisiana,” he said. “We look forward to working with the Louisiana Legislature as they develop a framework for sports wagering in the 2021 legislative session so that we can deliver on the mandate from voters and quickly bring that tax revenue home to Louisiana.” Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter In South Dakota, meanwhile, Amendment B, to legalize sports betting in the city of Deadwood, was approved by a 58.5% to 41.5% margin, according to the Associated Press. During the campaign, a study commissioned by the state Department of Economic Development estimated that Louisiana was missing out on as much as $330m in taxable revenue, after previous attempts to regulate betting came to nothing. Again, no fees or duties have been set out for the vertical, though Amendment B stated that money raised through legal wagering would be used for the historic restoration and preservation of Deadwood. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter As with Louisiana, the issue now returns to the legislature, which will be required to develop a framework for betting. Senator Craig Zucker, who drafted the measure that was ultimately placed on the ballot, had initially set out a full model for sports betting regulation, though this was removed from the final bill. For readers looking for more on the election, there will be a live discussion ahead of this year’s Sports Betting USA Digital, led by Global Market Advisors’ Brendan Bussman on November 5. Topics: Legal & compliance Sports betting Legal Regulation Online sports betting Sports betting regulation Sportsbook 4th November 2020 | By Robin Harrison This was later amended to allow betting at three racetracks, Pimlico Race Course, Laurel Park and Maryland State Fairgrounds, as well as in the Washington Football Team’s FedEx Field. Email Address
OK Zimbabwe Limited (OKZ.zw) listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange under the Retail sector has released it’s 2012 interim results for the half year.For more information about OK Zimbabwe Limited (OKZ.zw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the OK Zimbabwe Limited (OKZ.zw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: OK Zimbabwe Limited (OKZ.zw) 2012 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileOK Zimbabwe Limited is a leading retail group in Zimbabwe with a product range that extends from groceries and houseware products to clothing and textiles. The inaugural branch was opened in Harare (then Salisbury) in 1942 and today, is one of the most recognised supermarket brands in Zimbabwe. The company trades under various branded store names, including OK stores, Bon Marché and OKMart. OK Zimbabwe sells products in its grocery range under its own home brand; OK Pot ‘O Gold, OK Value, Shoppers’ Choice and Bon Marché Premier Choice labels. OK Zimbabwe Limited operates approximately 61 retail outlets throughout Zimbabwe and owns subsidiaries that complement its diverse product offering; Eriswell (Private) Limited, Swan Technologies (Private) Limited and Winterwest (Private) Limited. OK Zimbabwe Limited is listed on the Zimbabwe Stock Exchange
Get the full details on this £5 stock now – while your report is free. Peter Stephens | Wednesday, 20th January, 2021 Investing in shares has been a popular means of generating a retirement nest egg for many years. However, 2020 brought the stock market crash and economic uncertainty. So investors may naturally be more cautious about buying stocks because of the potential to lose money.That is always a risk when buying shares, But over the long run, indexes such as the FTSE 100 have always recovered from their declines to post new record highs. 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As the economic outlook improves, they could deliver higher returns than the stock market average.Even if they only match the past returns of the stock market, the long-term result could be a sizeable retirement nest egg. After all, indexes such as the FTSE 100 have produced annualised total returns of around 8% since inception. Assuming the same return on a £200 monthly investment over a 35-year timeframe would produce a nest egg valued at £460,000. From this, a passive income of over £18,000 could be drawn each year by withdrawing 4% of the portfolio.Managing risk in an uncertain environmentAs mentioned, some people may be put off investing in shares because of the uncertain operating environments faced by many businesses. This may remain a risk in the short run, of course. But the potential for losses can be reduced by investing money in companies that have sound finances and solid market positions. For example, businesses with low debt levels and dominant market positions. 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Test caps provide a long-term incomeNo-one can blame Rhys Webb for choosing to join Toulon next season. It is a once in a career opportunity to play with one of the best club teams in the world, with a collection of the finest talent, whilst earning a salary that we’re all envious of. However, Webb’s planned move abroad and the subsequent 60 Cap limit, or CAPS LOCK, imposed by the Welsh Rugby Union has poised a very interesting question for players and agents. Whilst the short-term gain of a few seasons in the Top 14 are obviously lucrative, the threat of not accumulating test caps has its risks long-term. Rugby, as yet, is not a profession that allows its retiring players to put their feet up.Tough call: The new 60-cap rule could make a huge dent in Rhys Webb’s future earningsUnlike football, where its elite players need not lift a finger after their playing days end, rugby’s wages do not offer that privilege. Even the current crop of big earners will still need an income after they retire; something in which test caps play a big role. You only need look at the lucrative after dinner circuit to see where the number of test caps literally translates into cash. British and Irish Lions and test cap centurions command significantly larger fees. A quick glance at the media landscape evidences where the big TV contracts and book deals land – 30 cap players don’t have nearly as much pulling power as 100 cap legends and they certainly don’t open as many supermarkets. Short term cash will always be a big draw for rugby players, particularly those with young families, but the long-term prospects must also be taken into account; and that is where test caps are worth their weight in platinum.The RFU demand help to protect their academy playersOne can only imagine how much coffee was spat on various union blazers as news spread around the world that the RFU was seeking help from World Rugby to prevent their players being poached. It was a statement that even Sean Spicer would have thought twice about issuing.A bit rich: The RFU going to World Rugby to stop other unions pinching their players received little sympathyYou don’t even need to pour through the inventory of young Welsh players at various private English colleges to understand the lunacy of the statement – just look at the current senior England squad and you’ll see players who’s ‘junior investment’ took place in another country. This isn’t to say that other unions don’t do the same, of course they do. However, when you’re the head poacher, at the Poacher’s Convention, celebrating 20 years of poaching, it’s probably not wise to play the poachers card. Plenty to ponder: Warren Gatland has a book out and he’s shooting from the hip Referees need less to doThe modern referees’ job has become a laughably difficult task. Rugby has essentially become a game of five separate functions with open play, the ruck, the maul, the scrum and the lineout becoming such unique disciplines that they hardly resemble the same elements that existed during the amateur era. The ruck and scrum have become some so tiresome in their interpretation that they almost qualify as separate sports within a sport – and thus now require a different approach to refereeing. It is unfair to expect the referee to oversee the whole operation.The impossible job: The game is now so complex that more help is needed for refereesFor example, it has become impossible for an individual to focus on the ruck and the offside line at the same time. Literally impossible. Short of embarking on a genetic breeding programme where we create four-eyed whistle blowers, asking a ref to look at two things simultaneously simply can’t be achieved. Offside decisions would be the sole responsibility of the assistant referees. And time keeping should be the sole responsibility of the TMO – why the referee is still in charge of the timing is bizarre, when the TMO can easily see when the game requires starting and stopping without the input of the referee. Rugby has undergone many changes since it turned professional, in particular with player roles becoming more specialised, and it is now time that the referee’s role underwent a similar evolution for their sake as much as the game’s. Gatland goes on a crash diet October was a lively month for Warren Gatland, even by his standards. He came out firing like a long lost member of NWA. First, he turned his pistol around gangsta style and took aim at the Kiwi press for trolling him during the British and Irish Lions’ tour, reloaded and took a shot at Sean O’Brien, then started blasting shells at Welsh supporters by stating that he had probably stayed in Wales too long and that a loyalty bonus was playing a big role in keeping him as head coach. But by far the most interesting aspect of Gatland’s October was his new Welsh squad. Particularly his selections at centre.Righting some wrongs: Warren Gatland has been outspoken on a variety of topicsGone were the crash ball centres of yesteryear and in came the ballers – Owen Watkin, Owen Williams and Hadleigh Parkes all represent very different options for Wales. What’s more intriguing is that Gatland didn’t even give himself the option of Jamie Roberts should the new passing plan go awry. It was like a well-upholstered lad going on a diet and not being able to have chocolate anywhere in the house. It would be all too easy for Gatland to have a craving late one night during the autumn internationals and go foraging into the cupboard for a lump of Jamie. If last month has been anything to go by, Gatland’s run in to the World Cup is going to be as wonderfully unpredictable as Steff Evans’ feet.England v Wales scrummaging and lineouts – let’s take it furtherThe revelation that Wales and England will take part in an organised session of scrums and line-outs represents a positive progression for rugby union and a degree of creative thinking on which the game should capitalise. It feels like a very NFL thing to do and the benefits extend beyond the coaching sphere. These new ‘mini games’ would provide an ideal opportunity for livestreaming and possibly another income stream. An income stream which makes far more sense than extending the season.Full bore: The England v Wales training session should be a lively affairInstead of making the players play more, why can’t we simply make more use of the things that players are already doing – such as training. The streaming of these events would also allow for some more in-depth analysis of the modern scrum and lineout – something which is difficult to achieve during the complicated dynamics of an 80-minute game. LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Gatland’s grenades are back, the tough life of a referee, inter-nation training, long-term earnings and the RFU’s controversial plea are all covered
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis 8 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Charity fights to retain lottery compensation scheme The Irish government’s decision to abolish a lottery compensation scheme which pays €6 million annually to Irish charities is being challenged in the courts. Ireland’s largest charity, the Rehab Foundation, wants the scheme, which was introduced in 1997 to compensate charities for the impact of the National Lottery on their own private lotteries, retained. Last year, the Rehab Foundation received €4.4 million of the €6 million compensation fund. This will be reduced to €1 million before the scheme is abolished in 2016, according to the Irish Times. Advertisement About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 5 August 2013 | News The government wants to abolish the scheme because of its need to reduce expenditure. It also argues that the scheme an inefficient way to assist charities’ fundraising. The Rehab Foundation argues that its lottery, unlike other charity lotteries which also receive compensation, was profitable and the loss of the funding would adversely affect the organisation’s disabled clients. Last year the Irish Cancer Society’s lottery made a surplus of €94,000 but only after a payment of €190,000 from the lottery compensation scheme. The Rehab Foundation claims that it is at a disadvantage to the National Lottery because of restrictions on prizes which are capped at €20,000 per week, whereas Lottery prizes are unlimited.
News Читать на русском / Read in Russian Russian media boss drops the pretence and defends Belarus crackdown to go further Russia is ranked 148th out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2018 World Press Freedom Index. May 5, 2021 Find out more RussiaEurope – Central Asia Condemning abusesProtecting journalistsOnline freedomsProtecting sources Judicial harassmentFreedom of expressionCouncil of Europe News The founder of several independent regional media outlets and discussion websites, Korb discovered that he had been charged with “terrorism propaganda and justification” when a dozen masked policemen burst into his Omsk apartment in the early hours of 18 May. In the course of a ten-hour search, they seized all of the computers and electronic devices belonging to Korb and his family, along with files and publication archives. News Korb is a well-known journalist in southwestern Siberia. He was at the forefront of the pro-democracy movement when the Soviet Union collapsed and created Omsk’s first news agency, DO-Info, in 1990. He is nowadays also active as a human rights defender. Two Russian journalists persecuted for investigating police corruption News May 25, 2018 Journalist facing jail for transcribing dissident’s trial speech Follow the news on Russia According to the documents they gave him, Korb has been charged because he published, on his website in April 2015, a transcript of a speech that the dissident political activist Boris Stomakhin gave at his trial, which was open to the public. For this, Korb is facing a possible sentence of up to seven years in prison. May 21, 2021 Find out more June 2, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information RussiaEurope – Central Asia Condemning abusesProtecting journalistsOnline freedomsProtecting sources Judicial harassmentFreedom of expressionCouncil of Europe Victor Korb’s Facebook page Organisation “Prosecuting a journalist for publishing the text of a speech that was delivered publicly is arbitrary and a perfect example of the absurdity of Russia’s counter-terrorism legislation and how it is used,” RSF said. “We call on the authorities to drop all charges against Viktor Korb and to return all the confiscated material at once.” Receive email alerts Reporters Without Borders (RSF) condemns Russia’s use of counter-terrorism legislation to charge Victor Korb, a well-known journalist based in Omsk, in southwestern Siberia, for transcribing and publishing the text of a speech that an opposition activist gave at his trial. Korb has not been jailed but is now under judicial control. RSF_en Listed as a “foreign agent”, Russia’s most popular independent website risks disappearing As he was about to board a flight from Omsk to Moscow two days later, he was detained briefly by police and members of the Federal Security Service (FSB), who gave him two summonses to report for questioning, and told him that he had been placed under judicial control.
Regional newspaper editor harassed after investigating real estate scandal Organisation News Help by sharing this information RSF_en News News (Picture: Uralskaya Nedelya) “How the matter is dealt with will be a test for the Kazakh authorities. An exemplary investigation is called for to track down the perpetrators and deter those tempted to victimize journalists. Letting such an act go unpunished, or a failure to identify those behind it, would blur the responsibility of the authorities and send a negative signal to the independent media, already in the grip of a wave of detentions and arbitrary summonses.“Lukpan Akhmedyarov is known for his critical views of the authorities and his participation in recent opposition campaigns. This tragedy is far from insignificant and a possible link between the attack and the journalist’s professional activities must be given urgent consideration.” During the evening, the journalist had gone out of his house to empty the dustbins and park his car when he was attacked by at least two unidentified men who hit him on the back of the head and stabbed him several times. He was taken to the regional hospital where he underwent emergency surgery. Doctors said he had suffered a serious head injury and eight stab wounds to the lungs, kidneys, stomach and other vital organs, and his body had traces of air gun pellets. They said he was in a serious condition but his life was not in danger. Tamara Yeslyamova, the editor of the weekly Uralskaya Nedelya for which Akhmedyarov works, said he had come under increasing pressure since January after he associated himself with the “malcontents’ demonstrations” movement. On several occasions he had unsuccessfully sought permission from the local authorities to organize demonstrations and had continued to muster support among opposition supporters through social networks. Akhmedyarov had recently received several warnings from the regional public prosecutor’s office. His car was stopped and searched several times on the pretext of a search for drugs. He had also complained that he was being followed. The day before the attack, his wife, who works at the Certification and Standardisation Centre, was called in by her manager who tried to intimidate her. He told her to persuade her husband to stop criticizing the authorities in his articles and to halt his militant activities. The autocratic government of President Nursultan Nazarbayev, classified as a Predator of Press Freedom by Reporters Without Borders, has responded brutally to an unprecedented wave of social unrest and security threats in recent months.Pressure on independent news organizations has been growing since the bloody repression of a riot by workers last December, with a series of detentions, summons by the security services, intimidatory measures and interruptions in the flow of information. Kazakhstan is ranked 154th of 179 countries in the World Press Freedom Index 2011-2012 published by Reporters Without Borders. It is has also been placed among the countries placed “Under Surveillance” by the organization since last month because of its increasing use of online censorship. April 20, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Opposition journalist seriously wounded in vicious attack outside his home February 5, 2021 Find out more KazakhstanEurope – Central Asia Reporters Without Borders is in shock after a near-fatal attack on the eminent journalist Lukpan Akhmedyarov yesterday evening outside his home in the suburbs of the northwestern city of Uralsk.“Our thoughts are with the journalist and his family and colleagues,” the press freedom organization said. “With this attack, which was particularly shocking in its violence and without precedent in Kazakhstan’s recent history, the continual deterioration in freedom of news and information in the past year has reached the point of no-return.“It has undoubtedly been encouraged by the general atmosphere of impunity that surrounds the many attacks carried out on journalists. News Follow the news on Kazakhstan Receive email alerts Kazakh reporter accuses police of attacking her KazakhstanEurope – Central Asia January 15, 2021 Find out more Reporters prevented from covering Kazakh parliamentary elections October 30, 2020 Find out more to go further
Community Enhancement Programme open for applications Nine til Noon Show – Listen back to Monday’s Programme By News Highland – November 19, 2019 Facebook WhatsApp AudioHomepage BannerNews A major garda investigation is underway after a serious assault in Lifford at 7.30 last night.A man was alone at his Coneyburrow home when approximately six masked men entered the house through the front door and attacked the man using various implements, including hammers and iron bars.Gardai say the man wasn’t seriously injured during the incident, which they’re treating as an aggravated burglary.Gardai are still trying to determine how his attackers left the area, and on today’s Nine til Noon Show, Sergeant Eunan Walshe made this appeal for information……….Audio Playerhttp://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/liffassalt.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. WhatsApp RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter Pinterest Twitter Pinterest Loganair’s new Derry – Liverpool air service takes off from CODA Garda investigation in Lifford after man is attacked with hammers and iron bars Google+ Arranmore progress and potential flagged as population grows Previous articleMica Action Group seeks support from financial institutionsNext article45 people awaiting in-patient beds at LUH News Highland News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic Google+ Facebook
New age therapyOn 1 Jun 2003 in Personnel Today The Employers’ Forum on Age has devised a ‘toolkit’ to help employersage-proof their policies. Royal Bank of Scotland has tried it out and sharedthe results with Sarah Jane NorthIn just over three years’ time, age discrimination in the workplace will beillegal. New laws will require employers to remove age specifications from jobadvertisements and application forms (as some naively believe), and conduct acomplete overhaul of all employment policies, including recruitment, training,management development, rewards and benefits. Complacent employers who bury their heads on this issue could findthemselves with a massive compensation bill – an estimated £193m in the firstyear of the new regulations becoming law, according to the Employers’ Forum onAge (EFA). Few employers may be aware of the scale of the age discrimination problem.But in a survey conducted by the Chartered Institute of Personnel Development(CIPD) last year, 14 per cent of UK staff said they believe they have beentreated unfairly because of their age at some point in their working lives. Ifall of these people were to take a claim under the new laws, the compensationbill would total a staggering £73bn. The EFA is calling on employers to take action now by age-proofing theiremployment policies. In conjunction with a group of household-name employers,it has devised a toolkit to ensure employment decisions and policies are basedon ability, not age. “It is essential all businesses carry out a policy review to see whereage bias might be lurking,” said EFA chairman Howard Davies at thetoolkit’s launch in April. “Many employers are under the impression that the 2006 agediscrimination legislation will require them to make only minor adjustments totheir recruitment and retirement policies. They are in for a shock. “We hope that the EFA toolkit will be a catalyst for change, helping totake businesses beyond mere compliance with the new laws to the forefront ofbest practice,” he added. Playing a leading role in designing, developing, piloting and implementingthe toolkit has been the Royal Bank of Scotland Group. The toolkit, One StepAhead, consists of 20 checklists covering a range of essential employmentissues, including recruitment, training, promotion, harassment, retirement andredundancy. It is designed to help employers view their policies through an‘age microscope’ to identify where age bias may currently impact on employmentpolicy or practice, and to suggest options and ways to introduce age neutralityacross the business prior to the new legislation. “Using the toolkit has been an invaluable exercise in helping usidentify areas that we needed to work on. This positions us well to maximisethe business benefits that we so clearly see from having an age-diverseworkforce and from recognising diversity in our customer base,” said RBSgroup diversity manager Amanda Jones at the launch. Using the toolkit, RBS identified 12 of the 20 areas of review suggested ashaving particular relevance across all the group’s businesses, and these becamethe priority areas for review. They included recruitment, training,people-friendly policies and management issues. The review was managed by Jones, reporting directly to the group HRdirector, thereby ensuring executive level buy-in to the review and theauthority to fully engage with each of the business divisions. RBS tailored the EFA toolkit to its own in-house processes, which meant thatmanagers were familiar with the reporting procedure and reassured of the valueof their participation, and guaranteed that they would act on the results.Furthermore, it ensured consistency in evaluating their responses. Jones designed a ratings matrix to match the existing risk assessmentsystem, then used this to score activities that had been identified aspriorities for review. This scoring system allowed Jones’ team to collate the results according toeach business division, identifying as they went areas of best practice andsharing these across the group. The analysis revealed: – A need for greater diversity (including age diversity) training at alllevels – The need to improve monitoring and measurement of age diversity. Thepolicy review indicated that measurement was ‘often possible but not alwayscarried out’ – The need to offer a more flexible retirement policy – A requirement to ensure age-neutral performance management (appraisal) – Evidence that some parts of the HR department and senior managers wereunaware of the forthcoming age discrimination legislation and that others wereunder the impression that the legislation would just protect older workers.They were not aware that future age laws would cover employees and applicantsof all ages – Good practice in a number of divisions and policy areas – That some current practices or policies might need to be ‘justified’ underthe future legislation. For example, the school leaver programme targets aspecific age group and under the new legislation would require a ‘demonstrableand objectively justified business case’ – The need to improve communications across the group on age diversity A clear timetable for action was drawn up, with each area of actionprioritised. Among the next steps RBS plans to take will be: – The development of a group-wide diversity training strategy – A further review of management information systems with a view toincorporating regular reporting on core measurements (as suggested by the EFAtoolkit). Specific accountability and reporting structures will be put in placeto ensure all business units are aware of their status with respect to agediversity – The development of a group-wide diversity communication strategy – The development of proposals to offer employees greater flexibility forretirement. Proposals are expected to be submitted later this year – A review of initiatives that target specific age groups (for examplerecruitment programmes) to decide if a justifiable business case exists – The development of an action plan to ensure that all issues identified inthe audit are acted on. “We have been a core member of the EFA for a number of years and seethem very much as a strategic partner in devising, developing and deliveringour diversity strategy. We saw the toolkit as something we could grab hold ofand help to promote and develop,” says RBS diversity manager Nick Goss. “The toolkit helps to demonstrate that age diversity is really anopportunity rather than a threat. Society’s demographics are changing rapidlyand this is reflected in the needs of our employees. “The toolkit is very flexible, not prescriptive, and can bend and mouldto the requirements of different organisations.” Aerospace giant BAA, another EFA member, also trialled the toolkit anddiscovered areas it too needed to tackle. The audit exposed a lack of understandingamong managers of the subtle nature of age discrimination. It also challengedthe accepted view that to reach positions of influence an employee had to be atthe top end of the age range. The audit also identified how processes topinpoint potential discrimination had only focused on minority groups. After gathering responses from across the company to the 10 Essential AgeProofing Questions (see box), HR developed an action plan to make the necessarychanges to policy and practice over the next two years, with all changesaligned to the overall HR strategy and business strategy. The plan includesmaking progress on the design of policies to allow post-retirement working, anda move to end compulsory retirement ahead of the 2006 deadline. Temporary employment specialist Manpower also took part in devising thetoolkit and is now using it to review its own company age policy and retirementplans. “Our review will further ensure that the best workers in the labourmarket are recruited on the basis of skills and ability, not age,” saysRuth Hounslow, head of public affairs. The company has already broken several age stereotypes at its call centre inSelkirk in Scotland. The average age of people working in call centres is just24; at Selkirk, it is 36, and the average age of team and senior managers is41. The centre also employs a greater proportion of older workers than theaverage – one in seven is aged over 50; a third are over 40 and two-thirds areover 30. In an industry dominated by part-time female workers, more than 50 percent of Selkirk’s staff are male, and where the industry averages a horrendousturnover rate of between 40 and 50 per cent, at Selkirk it is virtuallynon-existent, standing at less than 1 per cent. 10 essential age-proofing questionsThe questions are designed to revealissues of possible concern. If you answer ‘no’ to any of them, the EFA says youshould urgently consider prioritising policy review in this area. A ‘no’ mayimply the organisation is vulnerable under the forthcoming legislation. If youanswer ‘yes’, you should be able to provide evidence to back your answer –written, statistical or otherwise – as you may be required to provide suchevidence at tribunal.– Can you justify the use of specified periods of experience(for example ‘two years’ experience required’) in your job advertisements?– Have you removed age as a selection criterion for redundancy?– Do you have evidence that all age groups have access toflexible working opportunities?– Can you provide evidence that salaries and benefits are notage-related?– Are you able to monitor by age the drop-out rate fromdifferent stages of your selection process?– Are you able to collate and analyse information from exitinterviews by age?– Is the same contractual retirement age applied to everyone inthe organisation?– Are you aware of different sickness absence rates amongdifferent age groups?– Do you assess the intake of your graduate, fast-track ormanagement development programmes for potential age bias?– Can you monitor poor performance and age profile thoseindividuals?Source: EFA Comments are closed. 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Gyroresonant interactions between the radiation belt electrons and whistler mode chorus waves in the radiation environments of Earth, Jupiter, and Saturn: A comparative study
In the current study we perform a comparative analysis of the gyroresonant interactions of whistler mode waves with radiation belt electrons in the magnetospheres of Earth, Jupiter, and Saturn. Our primary goal is to evaluate the effect of resonant wave-particle interactions with chorus waves and determine whether chorus waves can produce net acceleration or net loss of radiation belt electrons on the outer planets. The ratio of plasma frequency to gyrofrequency is a key parameter that determines the efficiency of the pitch angle and energy resonant scattering. We present a comparison of statistical maps of the ratio of plasma frequency to gyrofrequency for Jupiter, Saturn and Earth in terms of radial distance and latitude. Preliminary maps of the plasma frequency to gyrofrequency ratio and 2D simulations of pitch angle and energy diffusion using the Versatile Electron Radiation Belt (VERB) indicate that the Kronian plasma environment is not likely to support as efficient gyroresonant interactions with whistler mode chorus waves as in the Terrestrial or Jovian environments. Inefficiency of the local acceleration by whistler mode waves in the Kronian environment raises important questions about the origin of the relativistic electrons in the Saturn’s radiation belts. Two-dimensional diffusive simulations of local acceleration and loss to the atmosphere using the VERB code confirm previous suggestions that the acceleration of electrons may be very efficient in the outer radiation belt of Jupiter. However, sensitivity simulations also show that the result of the competition between acceleration and loss in the Jupiter’s magnetosphere strongly depends on the currently unknown latitudinal distribution of chorus waves that will be provided by the upcoming Juno mission. If waves extend to high latitudes, it is likely that the loss rates due to whistler mode waves will exceed energization rates.