Anqing district to carry out ex situ conservation actions of the finless porpoise
Since twenty-first Century,
has been paying more and more attention to the protection of wild animals in China, whether it is land animals or animals in the water. Recently, Anhui Province Department of agriculture and the provincial government in joint porpoise ex situ conservation action, this action marks the Anqing section of the Yangtze finless porpoise protection into a new stage.
at present, the number of the population has less than a thousand head of the Yangtze finless porpoise, in recent years the number of Yangtze finless porpoise populations the average annual decline rate of 13.7%. At present, the ecological status of the Yangtze River Basin, making the establishment of local nature reserves is far from enough. The Ministry of agriculture in 2015 for the first time the implementation of ex situ conservation of the Yangtze finless porpoise. In April this year, Anqing province by the Ministry of agriculture as the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze finless porpoise ex situ conservation bases. In November 10th, the Ministry of agriculture and the provincial government in joint porpoise ex situ conservation action marks the porpoise protection a total length of 158 kilometers of the Yangtze River in Anqing within the scope of a historic step.
is the only freshwater Yangtze finless porpoise subspecies in finless porpoise populations only distributed in the middle and lower reaches of Yangtze River, river and Dongting Lake and Poyang Lake, and it is in the baiji aquatic ecosystem is an important indication of the top of the Pyramid and the Yangtze River ecosystem health of the species. With the 2007 Baiji was declared functionally extinct, the Yangtze finless porpoise became the only animal habitat of cetaceans in the Yangtze river.
in May this year, the summer survey in Anqing section of the Yangtze finless porpoise, were found throughout the first 125 finless porpoise. Among them, Anqing ferry to Hukou, there are about 90 times. The survey found that many porpoises gathering in different Zhoutou, each Zhou tou about 5 to 15 porpoises, up to reach 20. And in 2015 the Anqing section of the Yangtze finless porpoise winter survey, the Anqing section of the Yangtze River about 150 head of the finless porpoise.
in April 8th this year, Poyang Lake Songmen landscape domain within a day of continuous found 6 dead porpoises. Experts pointed out that the Yangtze finless porpoise has entered a rapid period of extinction. The Yangtze finless porpoise survival further deterioration of the environment, and in a short time is difficult to effectively curb the Yangtze finless porpoise population continued to decline, the trend is difficult to change, survival in jeopardy, has reached a critical stage for the conservation.
measures: ex situ conservation
protect the Yangtze finless porpoise, not only to protect the ecological environment of the Yangtze finless porpoise species itself, or to protect the habitat of the Yangtze finless porpoise. However, the ecological status and trend of economic development in the Yangtze River Basin at present, so that only by establishing local nature reserve is not enough, and vigorously promote the rapid expansion of ex situ conservation and ex situ conservation scale, as much as possible to establish a "conservation" population imperative.
11 10 July, the Ministry of agriculture and the provincial government in the city of Yangtze River Xijiang jointly carry out ex situ the finless porpoise